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咸阳市某医院西药房呼吸系统口服药物使用情况分析 预览 被引量:2

Analysis of the Respiratory Oral Drugs Usage in a Hospital in Xianyang
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摘要 目的:调查咸阳市某医院西药房呼吸系统口服药物使用与不良反应情况。方法:收集2013年1-12月在该院呼吸内科门诊就诊的360例呼吸道感染患者的病历,对口服抗菌药物应用与不良反应情况进行调查。结果:360份处方中,使用的口服抗生素主要为头孢菌素类、喹诺酮类和大环内酯类,存在不合理用药的处方为35份,占9.7%。不良反应报告22份,发生率6.1%。不良反应主要为皮肤损害、神经系统损害、消化系统损害等,经过对症处理后好转。结论:该院西药房2013年呼吸系统口服药物多选择头孢菌素类,存在不合理用药的情况。不良反应较多,多导致皮肤损害,要积极加强预防管理。 Objective: To investigate the respiratory oral antimicrobial drugs usage and adverse reactionsin in a hospital pharmacy in 2013. Methods: 360 outpatient medical records of respiratory tract infection from the oral application of antibacterial drugs and adverse reactions were observed and investigated. Results: 360 records of prescription oral antibiotics were used mainly for cephalosporin, quinolones and macrolides. The existence of irrational drug prescription were 35 records that accounted for 9.7% ; the adverse reaction were 22 records, and the rate was 6.1%. The main side effects were skin damage, nervous system damage, damage to the digestive system after symptomatic treatment were improved. Conclusion: The respiratory oral antimicrobial drugs usage analysis in the hospital pharmacy on 2013 year presents more choices on cephalosporin, irrational drug use and adverse reactions cause more and more skin damage, implying that we should actively strengthen prevention management.
作者 剡建华 岳明 李艳 朱琳 Yan Jianhua et al( Department of Pharmacy of the Center Hospital of Xianyang City, Xianyang, 712000)
出处 《医学与社会》 2015年第10期16-17,20共3页 Medicine and Society
关键词 呼吸道感染 抗生素 不良反应 口服药物 Respiratory Infections Antimicrobial Drug Adverse Reaction Oral Drug
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