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广东省韶关市社区居民冠心病危险因素认知状况调查及健康教育效果研究 预览 被引量:7

Cognition Status on Risk Factors of Coronary Heart Disease in Community Residents and Effect of Health Education:An Investigation in Shaoguan City, Guangdong Province
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摘要 目的:调查广东省韶关市社区居民冠心病危险因素认知状况,观察健康教育效果。方法2012—2013年,选取广东省韶关市某3个社区240例居民为调查对象。采用自制调查问卷调查所有社区居民对冠心病危险因素的认知情况并进行健康教育,观察健康教育前后所有社区居民冠心病危险因素认知水平。结果本组240例社区居民对冠心病家族史认知正确者152例(63.3%)、对高脂饮食认知正确者208例(86.7%)、对缺乏运动认知正确者160例(66.6%)、对过量饮酒认知正确者190例(79.2%)、对血脂异常认知正确者208例(86.7%)、对高血压认知正确者180例(75.0%)、对缺乏蔬菜水果认知正确者143例(59.6%)、对糖尿病认知正确者118例(49.2%)、对肥胖认知正确者208例(86.7%)、对压力紧张认知正确者181例(75.4%)、对吸烟认知正确者164例(68.3%)。本组240例社区居民中合并糖尿病者38例,其中对糖尿病认知正确者30例(78.9%);97例居民有冠心病家族史,其中对冠心病家族史认知正确者82例(84.5%);86例居民有压力紧张,其中对压力紧张认知正确者62例(72.1%)。本组240例社区居民健康教育前对冠心病危险因素全面认知60例(25.0%),部分认知124例(51.7%),认知较差56例(23.3%);健康教育后对冠心病危险因素因素全面认知156例(65.0%),部分认知64例(26.7%),认知较差20例(8.3%),健康教育后冠心病危险因素认知水平高于健康教育前(P<0.05)。结论广东省韶关市社区居民对冠心病危险因素的认知存在一定的不足,针对冠心病危险因素进行健康教育有利于提高其对冠心病危险因素的认知水平。 Objective To investigate the cognition status on risk factors of coronary heart disease in community resi -dents in Shaoguan City , Guangdong Province , and observe the effect of health education .Methods From 2012 to 2013, 240 community residents were selected from 3 communities in Shaoguan City , Guangdong Province.Self -made questionnaire was used to investigate the cognition status on risk factors of coronary heart disease , and health education was carried out.Cognition status on risk factors of coronary heart disease before and after health education was compared .Results In the 240 community residents, 152 cases (63.3%) had right cognition on family history of coronary heart disease , 208 cases (86.7%) had right cognition on high fat diet , 160 cases (66.6%) had right cognition on lack of exercises , 190 cases (79.2%) had right cogni-tion on excessive drinking , 208 cases (86.7%) had right cognition on dyslipidemia , 180 cases (75.0%) had right cognition on hypertension, 143 cases (59.6%) had right cognition on lack of vegetables and fruits , 118 cases (49.2%) had right cog-nition on diabetes mellitus , 208 cases ( 86.7%) had right cognition on obesity , 181 cases ( 75.4%) had right cognition on stress and tension, 164 cases (68.3%) had right cognition on smoking.In the 240 community residents, 38 cases was compli-cated with diabetes mellitus, and thereinto 30 cases (78.9%) had right cognition on diabetes mellitus; 97 cases was complicat-ed with family history of coronary heart disease , and thereinto 82 cases (84.5%) had right cognition on family history of coro-nary heart disease; 86 cases was complicated with stress and tension , and thereinto 62 cases (72.1%) had right cognition on stress and tension.Before health education , 60 cases (25.0%) had comprehensive cognition , 124 cases (51.7%) had partial cognition, 56 cases (23.3%) had bad cognition, while those after health education was 156 cases (65.0%), 64 cases (26.7
作者 叶曦 廖建军 江志平 范文茂 陈楠 陈泽芳 周琳 YE Xi, LIAO Jian -jun, J1ANG Zhi -ping, et al( Yuebei Peo- ple's Hospital AffLliated to Medical College of Shantou University, Shaoguan 512026, China)
出处 《实用心脑肺血管病杂志》 2014年第11期14-16,共3页 Practical Journal of Cardiac Cerebral Pneumal and Vascular Disease
基金 广东省韶关市卫生局项目(WSTJJ20120818440203197812286731)
关键词 冠心病 危险因素 认知 健康教育 韶关市 Coronary disease Risk factors Cognition Health education Shaoguan City
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