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精神科护士遭受工作场所暴力的现状及与情绪智力的相关性研究

Prevalence and correlation of workplace violence and emotional intelligence among psychiatric nurses
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摘要 目的 调查目前临床精神科护士遭受工作场所暴力及情绪智力的现状,探讨精神科护士遭受工作场所暴力与其情绪智力的关系,为更加深入和全面的研究精神科护士的工作场所暴力提供理论依据和数据支持。 方法 采取地域分层和整群抽样相结合的方式对山东省5所精神科医院的临床护士进行问卷调查,调查工具包括一般资料调查表、工作场所暴力频度测定量表、情绪智力量表。 结果 精神科护士1年中遭受工作场所暴力均分为(6.64 ± 3.56)分,情绪智力均分为(3.79 ± 0.37)分,精神科护士遭受工作场所暴力及各类型暴力与精神科护士情绪智力各维度呈负相关(r =-0.496--0.214,P<0.01);回归分析显示,自我情绪管理、所在病房、情感知觉、医院等级、性别对精神科护士遭受工作场所暴力有负向预测作用(R^2=0.333,F=44.636,P=0.000)。 结论 精神科护士遭受工作场所暴力的风险较高,精神科护士的情绪智力水平对其遭受工作场所暴力具有影响作用。 Objective To investigate the prevalence of workplace violence and explore the relationship between workplace violence and emotional intelligence among psychiatric nurses Methods Totally 453 nurses were enrolled from five psychiatric hospitals via regional stratification and cluster sampling in Shandong province. The workplace violence frequency scale, emotional intelligence scale were administered. Results The average workplace violence score among psychiatric nurses was (6.64 ± 3.56) points, while the emotional intelligence average score was (3.79 ± 0.37) points. The each dimensions of emotional intelligence were negatively correlated with workplace violence and types of workplace violence among psychiatric nurses(r=-0.496--0.214, P < 0.01). Results of hierarchical liner regression showed that self-emotion management, type of ward, emotional awareness, hospital degree, gender could negatively predict workplace violence of psychiatric nurses (R^2=0.333, F=44.636, P=0.000). Conclusions Workplace violence is prevalent among psychiatric nurses, and emotional intelligence might have influence on workplace violence.
作者 张帮峰 辛明兰 卢庆华 Zhang Bangfeng;Xin Minglan;Lu Qinghua(Ward 1,Shandong Mental Health Center,Jinan 250014,China;Nursing Department,Shandong Mental Health Center,Jinan 250014,China)
出处 《中国实用护理杂志》 2019年第5期325-330,共6页 Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing
基金 山东省医药卫生科技发展计划项目(2017WS621).
关键词 精神科护士 工作场所暴力 情绪智力 相关性 Psychiatric nurses Workplace violence Emotional intelligence Correlation
作者简介 通信作者:卢庆华,Email:luqinghua08@163.com,电话:0531-86336701.
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