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农业与村庄的关系:一个新议题

The Relationship between Agriculture and the Village: A New Topic
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摘要 农业与村庄的关系这一古老的问题已经成为一个现代社会"经常性的困惑",是必须要加以解释的命题。随着农业产业的衰败与边缘化、农业政策的工业偏好与城市偏好以及农业政治意识形态的日趋式微,村庄"农业去中心化"似乎已经成为一种主流。与"去农业化"几乎同时出现的则是农村经济的"后农业式"发展,包括村庄工业化发展、零售、服务业发展,即农业的后生产性,也包括乡村空心化、边缘化等村庄的衰败趋势。农业去中心化以及多样化的村庄发展类型均说明传统的农业与村庄关系正在发生巨变,需进一步评估这种变迁对村庄转型带来的复杂影响以及可能出现的后果。 The ancient problem of the relationship between agriculture and the village has become a "regular confusion" in modern society and a proposition that must be explained. With the decline and marginalization of the agricultural industry, industrial preferences and urban preferences of agricultural policies, and the gradual decline of agricultural political ideology, the "decentralization of agriculture" in the village seems to have become a mainstream. Nearly at the same time as "de-agriculturalization" is the "postagricultural"development of the rural economy, including the industrialization of villages, the development of retail and service industries, that is, the post-production of agriculture, and the decline trend of villages of villagessuch as hollowing-out of villages and marginalization.The decentralization of agriculture and the variety of village developments indicate that the traditional agricultural-village relationship is undergoing great changes, and the complex impacts and possible consequences of such changes on village transformation need to be further assessed.
作者 王萍 刘诗梦 Wang Ping;Liu Shimeng(School of Politics and Public ,Zhejiang University of Technology ,Hangzhou 310014)
出处 《浙江社会科学》 CSSCI 北大核心 2019年第1期78-86,158共10页 Zhejiang Social Sciences
基金 王萍主持的国家社科基金《农业转型与乡村振兴的耦合机制研究》(编号:18BSH042)的阶段性研究成果.
关键词 农业 村庄 去农业化 后农业 agriculture village deagriculturalization post-agriculture
作者简介 王萍,博士,浙江工业大学政治与公共管理学院副教授;刘诗梦,浙江工业大学政治与公共管理学院研究生。(杭州310023).
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