目的：观察有晶体眼后房型人工晶体（ ICL）植入治疗高度近视早期的并发症及处理情况,并探讨其原因。方法观察在我院行ICL/TICL植入术的患者46例（92眼）,在虹膜周切手术和ICL植入手术中及术后半年出现的并发症,记录并发症处理方法以及处理后的情况。结果无1例瞳孔阻滞性青光眼发生,术前虹膜周切后有8眼眼压升高,ICL植入术后有7眼眼压升高,均未超过28 mmHg,未做特殊处理；术前 YAG 激光虹膜周切组虹膜出血及色素播散的发生率明显高于手术虹膜周切组（P〈0.05）,术中晶体损伤2眼,1眼行透明晶体摘除及人工晶体植入；术后TICL旋转2眼,术后视觉干扰主要表现阴影及眩光各1例,术后视觉心理改变1例。结论 ICL植入治疗高度近视早期并发症少,基本可预防和控制,术后患者满意度极高,该手术方式值得大力推广。
Objective To investigate the complications and outcomes of the treatments in the early time of posterior chamber phakic in-traocular contact lens （ ICL） implantation for the treatment of high myopia, and to analyze the causes. Methods Forty-six patients （ 92 eyes） who underwent ICL/TICL implantations were enrolled in this study. The intraoperative and the postoperative complications in 6 months were observed,at the same time also the treatments and the outcomes were observed. Results None of the patients had a pupillary block. Only 8 eyes in all the patients had an elevated IOP after peripheral iridectomy （ PI） ,and 7 eyes after the ICL implantation,the highest IOP in which was 28 mmHg. No medication was given for treatment. In the YAG PI group,the incidence rate of iris bleeding and pigment dispersion were all higher than that in the YAG PI group （P〈0. 05）;2 crystalline lens of different patient were damaged intraoperation. Rotation of TICL was observed in 2 eyes. Only 2 individuals of all the patients in this study had complained visual disturbances,which was shadows and glare. Visual psychological change occurred in 1 patient. Conclusion The complications in the early time after ICL implantation for treat-ment of high myopia can prevent and control,the satisfaction of the patients is high.
Journal of Regional Anatomy and Operative Surgery
posterior chamber phakic intraocular contact lens