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黑龙江省北部高纬高寒地区水稻发展存在的问题及对策 预览 被引量:4

The Problems and Countermeasures for Developing Rice in the North High Latitude and High Cold Region of Heilongjiang Province
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摘要 通过分析黑龙江省北部高纬高寒地区水稻发展现状,总结了该地区水稻发展存在的适宜品种少、缺乏水稻相关配套栽培技术、低温冷害频发、“旱改水”第一年投入生产成本过高、旱田除草剂残留药害、灌溉工程配套程度低、水利工程性建设缓慢,以及水稻科技支撑力度不够等问题,提出了促进高寒区水稻生产发展的建议和对策,包括加大对黑龙江省北部高寒地区水稻品种审定力度、建立水稻高产示范带、加大抵御低温冷害研究、制定相关惠农政策、应对除草剂药害残留的影响以及针对黑龙江省北部独特气候特点采取配套栽培措施。 Through analyzing the current situation of developing rice in the north high latitude and cold region of Heilongjiang province,the problems of the deficiency of suitable varieties and corresponding cultivation tech- niques, frequent chilling damage, high input of changing dry farmland into paddy in the first year, the phytotox- icity of herbicide residues from dry farmland,low matching degree of irrigation project, slow speed of farmland water conservancy construction and the shortage of science and technology support for rice planting were sum- marized. Finally, some suggestions and countermeasures for promoting the development of rice industry in this region were put forward, which including enhancing varieties examination and approval power, establishing high-yielding rice demonstration strip, increasing the scientific research of chilling damage resistance, making benefiting-farmers policy,responding to the effect of herbicide residues and adopting corresponding cultivation techniques based on the special climatic characteristics.
作者 吴振明 衣洪岩 WU Zhen-ming , YI Hong-yan (1. Military Science and Technology College of Jilin University, Changchun, Jilin 130062; 2. Heihe Branch of Heilongjiang Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Heihe, Heilongjiang 164300)
出处 《黑龙江农业科学》 2012年第9期130-132,共3页 Heilongjiang Agricultural Science
关键词 水稻 高纬高寒地区 黑龙江省 rice high latitude and high cold region Heilongjiang province
作者简介 第一作者简介:吴振明(1975-),男,黑龙江省双城市人,在读农业推广硕士,会计师,从事农业经济方面研究。E-mail:haoyu20008@163.com。 通讯作者:衣洪岩(1964-),男,吉林省长春市人,博士,副教授。从事农业区域经济和农村政策研究。
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