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词边界信息在中文阅读眼跳目标选择中的作用:来自中文二语学习者的证据 预览 被引量:14

Inter-word Space Effects on Saccadic Target Selection in Chinese Reading: Evidence from Second Language Learners
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摘要 采用EyeLink 1000眼动仪,选取韩、美、日、泰四国留学生各20名,在正常无空格和词间空格两种呈现方式下阅读中文语句,以此来探讨二语学习者在阅读中文时词边界信息在眼跳目标选择中的作用。结果发现,二语学习者在中文阅读中存在着一致的眼动模式,即在单次注视事件中,倾向于注视词的中间部分,在多次注视事件中,倾向于注视其开端部分,然后再计划一次词内再注视。词边界信息能够有效地引导中文二语学习者的眼动行为和眼跳计划,更多地将首次注视位置落在词的中间部分。最后,词边界信息在眼跳目标选择中的促进作用没有受到母语文本呈现方式熟悉性的调节。我们认为,中文二语学习者在阅读中的眼跳目标选择可能采用的是战略-战术策略。 A series of studies have demonstrated that saccadic target selection within alphabetic writing systems is based on words. Specifically, there is plenty of evidence that the observation of the optimal viewing location effect, in which words are identified most quickly when they are fixated close to the word center, and the preferred viewing location effect, in which landing positions on words are most commonly observed to be just to the left of the word centre. If word spaces are removed, the preferred viewing location is transferred to the word beginning. There is a heated debate, however, concerning the basic unit of saccadic target selection in non-alphabetic writing systems, such as Chinese, spaces between the words. It is intriguing whether words during Chinese reading. which is printed as continuous strings of characters without the saccadic targets are selected on the basis of characters or In the present study, we selected readers with different native languages, with Chinese as a second language, to investigate the role of inter-word space on saccadic target selection during Chinese reading, especially to explore whether this effect was modulated by the familiarity of the presentation for their native languages. The eye movements of 80 participants with Chinese as a second language, whose native languages were Korean, American, Japanese, and Thai were recorded with a SR Research EyeLink 1000 eye tracker (sampling rate = 1000 Hz) that monitored the position of the right eye every millisecond. All of the participants were instructed to read 64 Chinese sentences with two different presentation conditions (normal, unspaced condition and word-spaced presentation). For each participant, half of the sentences were presented in the normal, unspaced condition, and the other half were presented with word-spaced condition. The results showed that there was a very similar pattern in the saccadic targeting selection for the four groups of second language learners, regardless of their native language: they
作者 白学军 梁菲菲 闫国利 田瑾 臧传丽 孟红霞 BAI Xue-Jun; LIANG Fei-Fei; YAN Guo-Li; TIAN Jin; ZANG Chuan-Li; MENG Hong-Xia (Academy of Psychology and Behavior, Tianjin Normal University, Tianjin 300074, China)
出处 《心理学报》 CSSCI CSCD 北大核心 2012年第7期853-867,共15页 Acta Psychologica Sinica
基金 国家自然科学基金项目(30870781,31100729)资助.
关键词 中文二语学习者 词边界信息 眼跳目标 注视位置 readers with Chinese as a second language inter-word space saccadic target selection landing position
作者简介 通讯作者:白学军,E-mail:psy-bxj@mail.tjnu.edu.cn; 通讯作者:梁菲菲,E-mail:feifeiliang_329@126.com
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参考文献42

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二级参考文献155

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