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教师胜任力研究的缘起、现状及发展趋势 被引量:25

Origin, Current Situation, Developmental Tendency of the Research on Teacher Competence
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摘要 20世纪80年代,随着社会对教师专业化程度的要求越来越高,教师胜任力研究得到广泛应用,人们从教师特征、教师素质和教师评价等方面对教师胜任力进行了各种研究和探讨,并取得了一定成果。但是已有的研究在研究内容、方法和思路等方面还存在不足,从而使教师胜任力研究始终处于非实质性状态。因此,未来教师胜任力的研究,将更加注重胜任力与绩效关系的实证研究;在研究方法上,将进一步探讨题项及其生成方法的适用性及科学性,不断丰富和完善教师胜任力模型的建构方法和验证方法;研究范围不再是对教师个体胜任力的单方面研究,而是对教师、学校、管理者以及一切胜任力的整合研究,不仅是发展教师的胜任力,还是教师、学校、管理者胜任力的交互发展,并建立一个以教师胜任力为中心的网络化胜任力系统。 In 1980s, in the wake of teacher's specialization which society called for more and more, researches on teacher competence were applied broadly, and people did a lot in exploring teacher competence in terms of teacher's characteristics, teacher's quality and teacher evaluation and also gained lots of achievements. But shortcomings exist in the current research in terms of content, method and thread of thought, resulting in the fact that research on teacher competence is still in the non-substantial state. Therefore, in the future research we should give more consideration to the positive research on the relationship between the competence and performance; in the research method, it will investigate the scientification and applicability of subject and its generation, and will also continuously perfect the constructing and verifying method of teacher competence model; in the research scope, it will not be only on individual teacher, but on the unity of teacher, school and manager, and not only develops teacher's competence, but also advances the inter-development of teacher, school and manager. Consequently, it will build a teacher-centered networking system with teacher competence at its core.
作者 罗小兰 LUO Xiao-lan (Department of Education, Xinzhou Normal College )
出处 《教育理论与实践》 CSSCI 北大核心 2007年第12期42-44,共3页 Theory and Practice of Education
关键词 胜任力 胜任特征 教师 competence characteristics of competence teacher
作者简介 罗小兰(1961-),女,四川人,忻州师范学院教育系主任,主要从事学校心理学和教师心理研究。
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参考文献4

  • 1McCelland: Testing for competence rather than for intelligence [J].American Psychologist, 1973, (28) 被引量:1
  • 2Spencer L.M .Spencer S M, Competence at work :Models for superior performance[M].New York: John Wiley Sons.Inc,1993. 被引量:1
  • 3Carl O Olson ,Jerry L Wyett : Teachers and affective competen cies , Projict Innovation Summer, 2000, (7). 被引量:1
  • 4林崇德.教育与发展[M].北京:北京师范大学出版社,2004.. 被引量:11

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