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信都红籽瓜重茬瓜田防病稳产技术研究 预览 被引量:4

Techniques of the stable yield and disease control of Xindu Red-seeded using watermelon under continuous cropping condition
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摘要 针对红籽瓜生产上连作重茬引起的病害难题,1999-2003年设立了为期4年的“信都红籽瓜重茬优质增产技术研究”项目,进行了嫁接育苗栽培、地膜覆盖栽培及绿亨1号、移栽灵、NEB和肥力高等药剂或生物肥料在红籽瓜上的应用试验研究。结果表明,重茬红籽瓜通过种子、土壤消毒,配合嫁接育苗与地膜覆盖栽培,增施有机肥和生物肥,合理选择对口药剂防治,可有效解决或缓解红籽瓜重茬病害问题,达到增产稳产的目的。 The difficult disease problem of Red-seeded using watermelon results from successive planting and continuous cropping. From 1999 to 2003, the project of high quality production increasing technological research on continuous cropping of Xindu Red-seeded using watermelon was carried out. Through graft seedlings cultivation and mulch-plastic cover cultivation, medicament experiment (including No. 1 LuHeng-Hymexazol, YiZaiLing-Transplant effective mixed chemical )and biological fertilizer conducts ( including NEB-Vesilular-arbuscular mycorrhizae, FeiLiGao-Bio-bacterial fertilizer) experiment were studied at the same time. The result indicated that the disease problem of continuous cropping Red-seeded using watermelon could be alleviated and achieve the stable increasing production goal through disinfecting the seed and the soil, coordinating graft seedlings planting and the mulch-plastic cover cultivation, increasing organic fertilizer and biology fertilizer, reasonable choosing the suitable chemical control.
作者 柳唐镜 汪李平 吴素萍 LIU Tang-jing, WANG Li-ping, WU Su-ping (1. College of life science and technology ,Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan,Hubei, 430070 ,China ; 2. National center for vegetable improvement (Central China), Wuhan ,Hubei, 430070 , China; 3. Key laboratory of horticultural plant biology, Ministry of education, Wuhan , Hubei,430070,China; 4. Research and Development Center for Xindu Red-seeded Using watermelon in Hezhou city Guangxi province, Hezhou , Guangxi , 542813, China)
出处 《中国瓜菜》 2006年第3期 7-11,共5页 China Cucurbits And Vegetables
基金 华中农业大学人才基金项目“西瓜甜瓜栽培与遗传育种专项基金”(52204-05020).
关键词 红籽瓜 重茬 防病 增产 技术 Red-seeded using watermelon Continuous cropping Disease control Increasing production Technology
作者简介 柳唐镜,男,主要从事西、甜瓜植物遗传育种及生物技术和分子生物学研究。电话:027-87280903;E-mail:hzliutangjing@163.com 通讯作者:汪李平,男,教授,博士,华中农业大学园艺林学学院蔬菜系副主任,主要从事蔬菜生理生态及西、甜瓜遗传育种的教学与研究。电话:027—62461971;E-mail:wanglp@mail.hzau.edu.cn.
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