Peiliangyou 288(Pei’ai 64S/288),newly-developed by Hunan AgricuItural University,is atwo-line hybrid rice. It was released to farmers in February,1996.In the 1994 and 1995Hunan Rice Vari-ety Regional Trials,it yielded a mean of 6.73 t/hm2,5.4%higher than check Weiyou 64, with a growthduration of 114 d,which was comparable with that of check Weiyou 64. The hybrid was evaluated for leafblast, neck blast and bacterial leaf blight resistance in Hunan. It scored all 5 on the 1-9scales. It also hadagood cold tolerance. All of Peiliangyou 288’s quality characters were tested and meet the first or secondclass standards issued by the Chinese Ministry of Agriculture,When planted as late rice in the double-cropping system in Hunan,it was about 95 cm tall with strong tillering ability. Its seed set was more than85%with a mean of 110 spikelets/panicle and a 1000-grain weight of 24 g.