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我国城镇居民的健康需求与Grossman模型——来自截面数据的证据 被引量:115

Health Demand in Urban China and Grossman Model: Evidence from Cross-sectional Analysis
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摘要 本文从人力资本的角度用Grossman模型来分析我国城镇居民的健康需求。利用中国健康和营养调查(2000)数据,我们有以下主要发现:(1)与收入的不平等形成对比,城镇居民健康状况的分布比较均衡;(2)女性的教育程度对健康有正的影响,而男性的教育程度对健康的影响不显著;(3)年龄对男性健康的影响比女性大;(4)收入或工资水平对健康的影响不显著。总体而言女性比男性更符合Grossman模型的预测。 Based on the human capital theory, this paper investigates the health demand in urban China applying Grossman model. Using 2000 wave of China Health and Nutrition Survey, we find that : ( 1 ) Contract to the significant inequality of income, the distribution of health are relatively even; (2) The education level of female has a significant positive impact on the health, but the education level of male does not; (3) The male's age has a bigger impact on the health than the female's age;(4) The effect of income or wage on the health is insignificant. Overall, our results indicate that the Grossman model predicts better for female population than for male population.
作者 赵忠 侯振刚 Zhao Zhong, Hou Zhen'gang (China Center for Economic Research, China Academy of Health Policy, Peking University ; Institute for the Study of Labor, Bonn ;Development and Reform Commissiong of Beijing Dongchen District; China Academy of Health Policy, Peking University)
出处 《经济研究》 CSSCI 北大核心 2005年第10期79-90,共12页 Economic Research Journal
基金 本文由北京大学卫生政策与管理研究中心和美国中华医学基金(CMB)资助.作者感谢匿名审稿人和杨团的评论,CMB项目进展讨论会和北京大学中国转型时期医疗卫生改革与发展研讨会与会者的讨论及建议,以及赵洪春优秀的助研工作,但文中的观点和错误完全由作者负责.
关键词 健康 GROSSMAN模型 人力资本 截面数据 Health Grossman Model Human Capital Cross-sectional Data
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参考文献21

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