期刊文献+

新闻改革与新闻体制的改造——我国新闻改革实践的传播社会学之探讨 被引量:112

Journalism Reforms and Institutional Reconfiguration
收藏 分享 导出
摘要 本文的起点是丸十年代以来,我国新闻媒介通过引入市场机制而出现了一系列变化。运用传播社会学的分析,作者认为,这些变化代表了一种理论上独特的体制变化模式,并称之为“体制改造”。“体制改造”式的变化源自新闻改革太环境的不确定性,其原因是在新闻改革过程中,现行“党的新闻事业”的基本原则不变,而改革缺乏目标体制的完整设计,哪些需要改、应该怎幺改等需要实践中的摸索。在这样的环境条件下,新闻改革的主体必须提高其改革行为的可预测性及正当性,为此,他们采取上,下合作的途径,以经营方式为驱动,以“临场发挥”为基本行为特征,改造新闻生产中的社会关系,重构现存体制的内在活动空间.并创造性地运用改革话语中市场经济和党的新闻事业的语汇,将其改革行为溶汇于“市场经济条件下的党的新闻事业”这一正当化的理论框架内。作者运用实地调查的观察及访问资料阐述这一模式展开的形态,并讨论了这一形态的体制变化的普遍性以及政策制订方面的意义。 n the 1990s, China′s news media have shown significant changes associated with the introduction of the market mechanisms. The author argues that these changes represent a unique mode of institutional change, called 'institutional reconfiguration'. This particular mode of institutional change originates from the unique macro environment of China′s journalism reforms. That is, the basic principles of the Party journalism remain untouched and there is no blueprint of the institution to change into, as a result, journalism reforms are a series of exploration and the environment is filled with uncertainties. To manage the uncertainties, the actors in the journalism reforms collaborate with the authority, take the changes in the mode of media management as the lead for change, and improvise reform practices. By doing so, they change the social relationships in news production and reconfigure the internal space of the existing journalism institution. In addition, they also creatively manage their reform discourse to legitimize their reform practices in the official framework of the 'Party journalism under the condition of the market economy'. In this paper, the author elaborates this model with field observations and in~depth interviews. Some theoretical and policy implications from this mode of institutional change are discussed.
作者 潘忠党 Pan Zhongdang
出处 《新闻与传播研究》 CSSCI 北大核心 1997年第3期62-80,共19页 Journalism & Communication
  • 相关文献

同被引文献1298

引证文献112

二级引证文献467

投稿分析

相关作者

内容加载中请稍等...

相关机构

内容加载中请稍等...

相关主题

内容加载中请稍等...

浏览历史

内容加载中请稍等...
;
使用帮助 返回顶部 意见反馈