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新疆果树产业的现状及发展对策分析 预览 被引量:17

Analysis of the Production and Its Development of Fruit Trees in Xinjiang
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摘要 新疆的果树产业自90年代以来进入了最快的发展时期,截止2001年底,全区果树栽培总面积已达33.3万 hm2,总产180万 t.已初步形成较大产业规模的制干葡萄和库尔勒香梨生产基地.近年来新疆的杏、葡萄、梨、核桃、石榴等果树发展速度很快,这也是新疆果树未来发展的重点.果品年产值已达24亿元,占全区种植业总产值的18%,但果树栽培面积仅占耕地面积的9%左右.新疆的果树具有发展果树的良好自然条件、市场机遇、农民增收及生态改善的要求.但需要加大科技投入、科技培训、提高农民素质和科技文化水平,加强果树发展基础设施建设和产后加工及开拓市场. The production of fruit trees in Xinjiang develops most rapidly from 1990's. The total areas of fruit growing in Xinjiang by 2001 is 333 000 hm 2 which occupies about 9% of the total plowland areas. And the total output is 1 800 000 t. The yearly production value of fruits is 2.4 billions RMB which occupies 18% of the total agricultural production value. Currently the apricots, grapes, pears, walnuts, and pomegranates are the mainly developed fruit trees in Xinjiang where there are good natural conditions, marketable opportunities for the development of fruit industry. We should attach importance to investment and training of science and technology, improvement of culture, science and technology of the growers, development of storage, process, and market of fruits.
作者 毕可军 廖康 李疆 Bi Kejun 1, Liao Kang 2, Li Jiang 2 (1.Horticultural Section of Xinjiang Agricultural Bureau,Urumqi,830000; 2. Horticultural Department of Xinjiang Agricultural University,Urumqi,830052)
出处 《新疆农业大学学报》 CAS 2002年第z1期 57-61,共5页 Journal of Xinjiang Agricultural University
关键词 新疆 果树产业 现状 对策 Xinjiang fruit industry present situation countermeasure
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