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农民工培训费用变动 对劳动市场的影响 预览

THE INFLUENCE OF THE CHANGE OF MIGRANT FARMWORKERS' TRAINING EXPENSES ON THE LABOR MARKET
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摘要 稳增长就要保就业,2019年中国'两会'首次将就业优先政策置于宏观政策层面,强化各方面重视就业、支持就业的导向.这与培训农民工相关.而农民工人数众多,培训费用的变动对劳动市场的影响不能忽视.本文通过构建一个三部门的一般均衡模型,以比较静态的分析方法从短期和长期两个视角分析了劳动力培训费用的变动对劳动市场的影响.本文的主要结论为:在长期中存在一个阙值,当农村工资费用大于该阙值时,增加农民工培训费用使得工业部门增加就业,并且减少农业部门就业和城市失业. To maintain steady growth,we need to ensure employment.In 2019,the"Two Sessions"of the Chinese Communist Party and the Communist Party of China(CPC)put the employment priority policy at the macro-policy level for the first time,strengthening the orientation that all sectors attach importance to and support employment.This is related to the training of migrant farmworkers.Since there are a number of migrant farmworkers,the impact of changes in training costs on the labor market cannot be ignored.By constructing a three-sector general equilibrium model,this paper analyzes the impact of labor training cost changes on the labor market from the short-term and long-term perspectives with a comparative static analysis method.The main conclusions of this paper are:in the long run,there is a threshold that when the rural labor charge is higher than it,increasing the training expense of migrant farmworkers will create jobs in the industrial sector,and further reduce the employment in the agricultural sector and urban unemployment.
作者 李晓春 伍云云 Li Xiaochun;Wu Yunyun(不详)
机构地区 南京大学商学院
出处 《中国经济报告》 2019年第4期82-87,共6页 CHINA POLICY REVIEW
基金 教育部人文科学重点研究基地2017年度重大项目《长江三角洲全面建成小康社会中的绿色发展研究》((17JJD630002)的资助,谨表感谢).
关键词 产业升级 劳动力转移 培训费用 异质劳动力 Industry Upgrading Transfer of Labor Training Expense Heterogeneous Labor Force
作者简介 李晓春,南京大学商学院教授,博士生导师;伍云云,南京大学商学院博士研究生。
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